We must remember Suriya Mal, even in this era of Manel Mal
In this week when S. A. Wickremesighe is being
remembered, we must remember Doreen Young Wickremasinghe as well.
First President of the Suriya-Mal Movement
Doreen Wickremasinghe with her son
Doreen Wickremasinghe was a British leftist who became a prominent
Communist politician in Sri Lanka and a Member of Parliament (MP). She
was one of the handful of European Radicals in Sri Lanka.
Doreen Wickremasinghe was the daughter of two British 'ethical
Socialists'. While a student in London in the 1920s, she became involved
in the India League and carried out other anti-imperialist work. Here
she met Dr S.A. Wickremasinghe, then a radical Sri Lankan moving in
Communist and radical circles while a post-graduate student in London.
Dr Wickremasinghe offered to find her a job in Sri Lanka. She became
the principal of a Colombo girls' school, where her work on the
curriculum included replacing British history with Sri Lankan and world
history, and permitting the teachers to get qualified, moving the school
away from its emphasis on 'training for wifehood'. During this period
she learnt Sinhala.
In 1933 she wrote an article, The Battle of the Flowers which
appeared in the Ceylon Daily News and exposed the absurdity of forcing
Sri Lankan schoolchildren to purchase poppies to help British veterans
at the expense of their own, which caused her to be vilified by her
This was the beginning of the involvement of the South Colombo Youth
League in the revival of Suriya-Mal Movement on a new anti-imperialist
and anti-war basis.
In different moods
The movement, which both opposed school pupils' compulsory
participation in Poppy Day, and offered yellow Suriya (Portia tree)
flowers for sale as an alternative , posing the question, 'whose need is
more dire, the ex-servicemen in England or the poor of this country?'
Doreen was elected first President of the Suriya Mal Movement at a
meeting held at the residence of Wilmot Perera in Horana.
Terence de Zilva and Robin Ratnam were elected Joint Secretaries, and
Roy de Mel, Treasurer. Yearly until the Second World War, young men and
women sold Suriya flowers on the streets on Armistice Day in competition
with the Poppy sellers.
The purchasers of the Suriya Mal were generally from the poorer
sections of society and the funds collected were not large - part the
Proceeds were used to educate a girl from the depressed Rodi caste.
The house of the Wickremasinghes
But the movement provided a rallying point for the anti-imperialist
minded youth of the time.
An attempt was made by the British colonial authorities to curb the
movement's effectiveness through the 'Street Collection Regulation
Ordinance'. After marrying Dr SA Wickremasinghe, she took up another
post as principal of another girls' school, where her work included
promotion of Sri Lankan arts, and teaching Asian poetry. After many more
years of the couple's campaigning, Dr Wickremasinghe was jailed for
sedition in 1939.
In 1952 she was elected to Parliament as Communist Party of Ceylon
(CPC) member for the Akuressa seat, beating C. Wijesinghe of the United