North Korea preparing nuke test?
Satellite images indicate North Korea appears to be getting ready for
a second nuclear test, officials said Tuesday, as the defiant communist
regime held huge rallies and proclaimed that U.N. sanctions amount to a
declaration of war.
A former South Korean intelligence agent wearing a North Korean
military uniform stages a rally denouncing North Korea's nuclear
test in front of the Ruling Uri Party in Seoul, Wednesday, Oct. 18,
China, the North's longtime ally and biggest trading partner, warned
Pyongyang not to aggravate tensions. The U.N. has condemned the Oct. 9
atomic blast, and U.S. nuclear envoy Christopher Hill told reporters in
Seoul on Tuesday that another nuclear explosion would be "a very
belligerent answer" to the world.
As the White House acknowledged that the isolated nation might try a
second test, Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice launched a diplomatic
drive to persuade Asian allies and Russia to intensify North Korea's
isolation by enforcing sanctions that the U.N. Security Council
unanimously approved on Saturday.
Alexander Vershbow, the U.S. ambassador to South Korea, said
Wednesday in Seoul that Rice plans to ask the South to expand its role
in a U.S.-ledinternational program to stop the spread of weapons of mass
Concern over a second test stems partly from new satellite imagery
showing increased activity around at least two other North Korean sites,
a senior U.S. defense official said.
The activity, started a number of days ago, included ground
preparation at one site and construction of some buildings and other
structures, said the official, who spoke on condition of anonymity
because it involved intelligence gathering. He said that although the
purpose of the structures is unclear, officials are concerned because
North Korea has left open the possibility of another test.
A senior South Korean official told foreign journalists that despite
signs of a possible second test, it was unlikely to happen immediately.
In North Korea, the nation marked the 80th anniversary of the
"Down-with-Imperialism Union" a political platform on which the ruling
party was built. North Koreans held parades across the country along
with an enormous gathering at a central square in Pyongyang.
In the capital, hundreds of women in brightly coloured costumes sang
and held bunches of flowers, including some named for Kim Il Sung, the
country's first leader and the late father of current leader Kim Jong
The regime slammed the U.N. measures with a stream of bellicosity in
a Foreign Ministry statement released on the official Korean Central
"The resolution cannot be construed otherwise than a declaration of a
war" against the North, the statement said.
The North also said it "wants peace but is not afraid of war," and
that it would "deal merciless blows" against anyone who violates its
It said it wouldn't cave in to "the pressure and threat of someone at
this time when it has become a nuclear weapons state."
South Korean nuclear envoy Chun Yung-woo said the North's reaction
wasn't surprising, and was full of "the usual rhetoric." China warned
Pyongyang against aggravating tensions.
"We hope North Korea will adopt a responsible attitude ... and come
back to resolving the issue through dialogue and consultation instead of
taking any actions that may further escalate or worsen the situation,"
Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Liu Jianchao said at a press briefing
But now that the U.S. has confirmed that last week's blast was indeed
nuclear, North Korea can be expected to use its new position as a
confirmed atomic state to press for direct talks and concessions with
Washington as it did in March 2005, a month after Pyongyang first
asserted it had a nuclear weapon.
Hill, the U.S. envoy, said the North was falsely assuming it would
win more respect with atomic explosions.
U.S. intelligence has concluded that the North Korean device likely
used plutonium, as opposed to uranium, in the Oct. 9 test.
Under a 1994 deal with the U.S. during the Clinton administration,
North Korea pledged to freeze its nuclear program, then believed to be
based on producing weapons-grade plutonium. But the agreement broke down
by 2002 under the Bush administration after revelations of a covert
effort by the North to produce highly enriched uranium.
Pyongyang soon removed 8,000 spent fuel rods that the International
Atomic Energy Agency was monitoring and began to reprocess them into
weapons-grade nuclear fuel.
The White House said Tuesday that it wouldn't be surprising if North
Korea were to try another nuclear test "to be provocative."
While U.S. officials insist they aren't about to invade, they have
taken other steps against North Korea even before the U.N. resolution
including severing it from the international financial system. That move
is believed to have angered the elites that keep Kim in power, and Kim
may fear being ousted or possibly even killed.
The North has consistently pressed for direct talks with the U.S. on
the financial sanctions and has refused to attend six-nation disarmament
talks until the sanctions are lifted. Along with the U.S., the talks
include China, Japan, Russia and South Korea.
"Sanctions against North Korea should be done in a way that draws
North Korea to the dialogue table," South Korean Prime Minister Han
Myung-sook said, according to Yonhap news agency. "There should never be
a way that causes armed clashes."