Life of Omar Khayyam
Omar Khayyam’s quatrains are
intense in their simplicity indicating his knowledge of life.
He was born in 1048 to an Iranian tent-maker’s family and as he grew
older it became noticeable that he was full of wisdom. Indeed, he was a
mathematician, astronomer and philosopher. When his fame spread
throughout the land, the Sultan-Shah requested him to improve the
calendar using his astronomical observations. He built an observatory in
the city of Estafan for this purpose.
Having achieved what was required of him by the Sultan, Omar made a
pilgrimage to Mecca. On returning he resided in the court and joined the
retinue of the Sultan.
He predicted future events and maintained records of past
developments. He also used his expertise to diagnose and cure the sick
administering his own medicines.
He wrote some prose which included facts on metaphysics and a
systematic writing on Euclid.
In the Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam he used his own technique of
composing poetry in stanzas of four lines. Unfortunately just a few
fragments of his poems remain.
A 19th century American poet inspired by Omar’s compositions set his
mind to discover and translate them into English. The quatrains are
related to one another by a common idea. Some famous lines are “A Jug of
wine”, “A Loaf of Bread and Thou”, and “The Flower That Once has Blown,
There came a period when he was somewhat confused by nature’s
reality, man’s relationship to God and doubts about after-life.
These strategic theories changed him completely. He turned to sensual
pleasures of life entranced with women. The aura of romance impressed
him so much that he presumed they were personifications of love,
tenderness, beauty and passion. These thoughts made Omar compose
quatrains weaving into them facts as well as illusions of life.