Some common diseases affecting
Canines are one of the favourite pets for most of us. They are like
part of the family. Unlike cats and other varieties of pets, canines or
dogs are very close to humans. Sometimes, they are our best friends who
are there for us in good times and bad. To keep these friends in good
health at all times, we need to know the illnesses that could affect
them and disturb their lifestyle. Today, we enlighten you about some
common canine diseases and guide you on general caring methods.
Common dog diseases
A dog can be your companion, an award winning show animal, just a
guard dog or your loving pet. The best thing you, as its kind and
responsible owner can do for it is to provide proper health care. A good
knowledge about the various dog diseases and an awareness of the
appropriate prevention and treatment methods will help you provide that
care. The best way to treat a disease is to prevent it through vaccines.
However, even the dogs that are vaccinated are still prone to various
diseases if they are not immunized properly, through regular vaccines .
Puppies are usually vaccinated as soon as they open their eyes; just two
weeks after birth. These initial vaccinations have to be given at
regular intervals until six weeks after birth. Thereafter some
vaccinations have to be given on a yearly basis. The disease-fighting
antibodies puppies receive through mother’s milk lasts for 6- 16 weeks.
Then the vaccinations take over protecting the dog from disease causing
A highly contagious, airborne virus causes canine distemper. It
affects the respiratory system, gastrointestinal and nervous systems of
the dog. Symptoms in the early stages of the disease are a common cold,
runny eyes and nose, fever, cough, and often diarrhoea. However, in
later stages there may be nervous twitching, paralysis, and seizures
(convulsions). Unfortunately, there is no successful treatment for
distemper. Many dogs die from this disease.So, make sure you protect
your pet from this dreaded disease.
Hepatitis is a viral disease transmitted by urine, or saliva of
infected animals. This affects the liver, kidney, and blood vessels.
Fever, tissue swelling, and hemorrhage are the common symptoms of the
disease. When treating the sick dog blood transfusions and intensive
care will be required. However, very often those are not successful.
A bacteria spread through contact with nasal secretions, urine, or
saliva of infected animals causes Canine leptospirosis. It should be
noted that humans could also be infected with this disease. Lepto
infects the kidneys and causes fever, vomiting, diarrhoea, and jaundice.
Treatment for this disease requires antibiotics, intensive care, and
fluid therapy. Dogs that recover may be left with permanent kidney
Parvo is very common among dogs. Canine parvo virus is a deadly
contagious viral disease that is spread by contact with infected fecal
matter. The virus is difficult to kill and is easily spread. It attacks
the gastrointestinal system, causing fever, lethargy, vomiting, bloody
diarrhoea, and rapid dehydration. Treatment requires fluid and
supportive therapy and has a variable rate of success. Mostly young dogs
are prone to be infected with parvo.
Rabies is a viral infection that affects all mammals,including man.
It is transmitted by the bite of an infected animal. The virus infects
the central nervous system, causing a brain infection, which is always
fatal. There is no treatment for dog or man after symptoms appear.
However, vaccines are effective in preventing the disease in people if
it is administered soon after their possible exposure.
Ticks are most commonly found on outdoor dogs. Ticks can transmit
several diseases and should be removed with care. Grasp the tick near
its head with a pair of tweezers and pull away from the skin with a firm
tug. Disinfect the area with alcohol to prevent infection. Ticks should
be controlled by daily inspection and removal.
Some important tips
* Never buy a puppy, which is less than at least eight weeks old.
* A healthy dog is active, has a wet nose and bright eyes. The dog’s
behaviour and appetite are normal.
* If your dog is lethargic, inactive and has a dry nose, immediately
take it to a veterinary surgeon.
* Dogs with long fur must be bathed once a week and during a hot
weather, twice a week.
* Use mild shampoo or soap when bathing. It helps to preserve the fat
layer of the dog’s skin.
* Soap or shampoo should be washed away properly and then towel dry
the dog’s coat.
* Vitamins and other nutrients are essential for a healthy coat.
My pet parrot
My pet is a parrot. Its name is Polly.It is green in colour. It likes
to eat fruits.My parrot has a red beak and a long green tail. It can
I love my pet parrot.
Tim is a good dog
My pet dog Tim is a kind of the Pekingese breed and has a thick coat
of fur which is brown in colour.
I got Tim for my birthday. Tim follows me everywhere because he loves
He sleeps on my bed every night. Even though it is not a good thing
to do I feel sorry to chase him away.
He frightens away strangers who come to our house. When I call him to
eat, he comes running near me. He is a very good and obedient dog.
Subbi loves to play
My pet is a cat.Its name is Subbi. It is black and white in colour.
It likes to drink milk.Subbi loves to play and climb trees. When I am
studying it stays near my feet, purring all the time. I give Subbi a
bath every Saturday.
I love Subbi, my pet cat very much.
I love Blackie
My pet dog, Blackie is only a year old.Its name is Blackie. It is
black and brown in colour. It likes to eat meat and drink milk.
Sometimes my pet is very ferocious.
It guards our house all the time.It has a kennel to stay in.
Blackie loves to play with me. I love my pet a lot.
My pet, Pinky
My pet dog Pinky is five years old. Its body is covered with thick,
black fur. Pinky is a clever animal. It is very friendly and plays with
me. Pinky loves to eat meat and drink milk.
I love my pet.