Writing an essay may seem like an overwhelming task at first,
especially if you’ve never written a formal composition. However, if you
have mastered the skill of paragraph writing, you can easily learn to
organise your thoughts and express them in simple and concise language.
you are allowed to choose your own topic, select one that is familiar to
you until you become comfortable with the essay-writing process. We
thought of showing you how an essay should be written in the wake of
many complaints that since children have access to the internet many of
them were copying stuff straight off the Internet. This is a crime and
is known as plagiarising.
Children must be taught to think for themselves and to put down their
ideas on paper . If you do this you will learn to do things by yourself
but don’t copy because it can easily be spotted.
How to help children write paragraphs
Select a topic. If possible, choose one that you can write about
Teachers will often assign general topics such as your summer
vacation or favourite types of movies. Whatever the topic, narrow the
focus to a specific emphasis such as one place you visited during the
summer or one movie you recently watched.
Prewrite your essay. This may seem like extra work, but it will make
the essay easier to write. Organise your ideas by paragraph is the most
effective. Under each paragraph’s main idea write three supporting
Writing in complete sentences is not necessary on the organiser. Use
phrases that can be developed into sentences when you write the essay.
Write the introduction. This paragraph explains your purpose for
writing. It usually begins with a thesis, or topic sentence that states
the main idea of the essay. It also serves as the outline for the
paragraphs that will follow.
Write three paragraphs that support the main topic. Each paragraph
supports one main idea with details and should consist of five to seven
Use ideas written on the graphic organiser to compose these
Finish the essay with a concluding paragraph that summarises the
essay. It is similar to the introduction, but do not repeat what you’ve
The goal of the conclusion is to leave the reader with a strong
impression of your thoughts and ideas.
Proofread and revise the essay. Check spelling and punctuation first,
then read sentences again to check subject and verb agreement.
Get a friend or family member to read your composition and give you
feedback about points that need clarifying.
An essay can have many purposes, but the basic structure is the same
no matter what. You may be writing an essay to argue for a particular
point of view or to explain the steps necessary to complete a task.
Either way, your essay will have the same basic format.
If you follow a few simple steps, you will find that the essay almost
writes itself. You will be responsible only for supplying ideas, which
are the important part of the essay anyway.
Don’t let the thought of putting pen to paper daunt you.
What is Plagiarism?
Many people think of plagiarism as copying another’s work or
borrowing someone else’s original ideas. But terms such as “copying” and
“borrowing” can disguise the seriousness of the offence:
According to the Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary, to “plagiarise”
- to steal and pass off (the ideas or words of another) as one’s own
- to use (another’s production) without crediting the source
- to commit literary theft
- to present as new and original an idea or product derived from an
In other words, plagiarism is an act of fraud. It involves both
stealing someone else’s work and lying about it afterward.
But can words and ideas really be stolen?
According to U.S. law, the answer is yes. The expression of original
ideas is considered intellectual property and is protected by copyright
laws, just like original inventions. Almost all forms of expression fall
under copyright protection as long as they are recorded in some way
(such as a book or a computer file).
All of the following are considered plagiarism:
- turning in someone else’s work as your own
- copying words or ideas from someone else without giving credit
- failing to put a quotation in quotation marks
- giving incorrect information about the source of a quotation
- changing words but copying the sentence structure of a source
without giving credit
- copying so many words or ideas from a source that it makes up the
majority of your work, whether you give credit or not (see our section
on “fair use” rules)
Most cases of plagiarism can be avoided, however, by citing sources.
Simply acknowledging that certain material has been borrowed and
providing your audience with the information necessary to find that
source is usually enough to prevent plagiarism.
What about images, videos, and music?
Using an image, video or piece of music in a work you have produced
without receiving proper permission or providing appropriate citation is
plagiarism. The following activities are very common in today’s society.
Despite their popularity, they still count as plagiarism.
These simple steps will guide you through the essay writing
- Decide on your topic.
- Prepare an outline or diagram of your ideas
- Write your thesis statement.
- Write the body.
- Write the main points.
- Write the subpoints.
- Elaborate on the subpoints.
- Write the introduction.
- Write the conclusion.
- Add the finishing touches.