Glimpse of History from ANCL Archives:
Mahatma Gandhi - Father of non-violence and apostle of peace
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi October 2, 1869, January 30, 1948).
He was born in Porbandar, Gujarat, India and died in New Delhi.
Mohandas Karamchand (October 2, 1869 and January 30, 1948) was a major
political and spiritual leader of the Indian Independence Movement and
known for his non-violent nature of campaign using satyagraha and
resistance through mass civil disobedience strongly founded upon ahinsa
(non-violence) becoming one of the strongest philosophers of freedom
He is fondly called Bapu (in Gujarati, Father). Gandhi first employed
his ideas of civil disobedience in the Indian struggle for civil rights
in South Africa. Upon his return to India, Gandhi helped lead poor
farmers and labourers to protest oppressive taxation and widespread
Leading the Indian National Congress, Gandhi worked for the
alleviation of poverty, the liberation of women, brotherhood, an end to
untouchability and caste discrimination and for the economic
self-sufficiency of the nation.
However, Gandhi selflessly worked towards the goal of Swaraj or
self-rule for India. One of his famous marches was one which led Indians
in the disobedience to the salt tax through the 400 kilometres (248
miles) Dandi March, and in an open call for the British to quit India in
1942. Gandhi remained committed to non-violence even in the most extreme
Gandhi was a student of Hindu philosophy and lived simply, organizing
an ashram that was self-sufficient in its needs. He made his own clothes
and lived on a simple vegetarian diet. He used rigorous fasts for
self-purification as well as a means of protest.
Gandhi's teachings have inspired and influenced civil rights leaders
such as Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., Steve Biko, Nelson Mandela and Aung
San Suu Kyi. Gandhi is honored as the Father of the Nation in India. His
birthday on October 2nd is annually commemorated as Gandhi Jayanti, a