Sports for a
Sport is a great asset to us. “All work and no play makes Jack a dull
boy” is an old saying, which highlights the value of sport.
Sport includes a number of outdoor and indoor games such as hockey,
football, cricket and rugby. It is an interesting form of exercise.
Sport helps us maintain good health. Children who are not engaged in
sports will have problems in maintaining a balanced lifestyle. To ensure
good health and for the development of the body, sport is very useful.
Sports play a major role in creating a well-disciplined person. In
sports there are several rules which a player has to obey. Team spirit
is needed when engaging in sports. It is very important to present a
united front against the opponent. Instead of quarrelling or abusing
co-players, a true sportsman should forgive the opponent when mistakes
or accidents happen. It helps to develop the good qualities of a person.
Unlike people who do not engage in any kind of sport, those who do,
learn how to accept victory and defeat with grace.
It is very important to deal with victory and defeat equally because
unpleasant incidents in a field may create bad impressions among the
spectators as well as the opponents. This could even be a black mark for
the prestige of the team and even the country one represents.
Sport is combined with day-to-day life as it also helps to develop
social values in people. Sport is a great way of building good physical,
mental and even spiritual qualities. It is a great source of
encouragement to all of us for the betterment of our future.
and hazardous phenomenon
The eruption of volcanoes can be considered as one of nature’s most
hazardous but spectacular activities. The word volcano comes from
vulcanus, the name of the ancient Roman God of Fire.
are different kinds of volcanoes depending on how lava - a hot liquid
which comes out through a volcano, is expelled. The volcanoes are
located in only certain parts of the Earth which is called “the belt of
Volcanoes are the only places where we can access the materials from
the interior of the crust or the mantel of the Earth. So, they are of
great interest to science.
By sprewing ash or lava far into the sky, a volcano becomes active.
Lava contains many gases which are dissolved in the magma because of the
However, when they reach the surface, they escape just like the
bubbles of a carbonated drink when the bottle is opened. When the lava
rises quickly, the gases escape with great force and the eruption
becomes very violent, scattering rocks and ash across the surface and
sending smoke thousands of miles into the air.
As a result of such eruptions, many airlines cancel flights. Even
train services have to be cancelled because of the haze and build up of
ash in the sky and on the train tracks. Sometimes people have to be
evacuated too from these areas.
Recently, Mount Kirishma in Japan and Mayon Volcano in the
Philippines, two of the most active volcanoes, erupted violently,
grounding thousands of flights and forcing millions to leave from the
so-called “Danger Zone” of five miles around the foothills of the
volcanoes. Because of the danger posed by volcanoes, the Meterological
Agencies in and around the “belt of volcanoes” always keep an eye on the
volcanic activities in the area so that they could monitor the eruptions
of volcanoes and evacuate people in time.
A tribute to my Alma
Fifth anniversary celebrations
For the past five years -
You educated and nurtured us,
You gave us shelter and knowledge.
On the eighth day of February
We all celebrated your fifth
Our dear teachers and colleagues,
Were delighted and happy.
We commemorated the day,
With joy and happiness
How lucky we are -
To be in your arms.
With religious activities,
You may get the blessings,
We cherish the happy memories.
And we pay tribute to everybody,
Especially the former teachers
Today, let me wish you success,
In the years to come.
The king of beasts
Lions are powerful carnivorous hunters. They once roamed in Africa,
Southern Europe and parts of Asia. Today their primary habitats are in
Africa, with a few still living in the Gir Forest of India.
A lion can run at a top speed of 36-50 miles an hour, but not for
long. It uses its powerful forelegs to grab large prey that would
otherwise outrun it.
When a lion walks its heels do not touch the ground. It waits until
the coolest, darkest times to hunt.Fully grown adult males can weigh
between 150 and 250 kg. Lions like to doze most of the time. They remain
inactive for up to 20 hours a day.
Lions cannot roar until they reach the age of two. Lions roar loudly
and also snarl when angry or when challenging an enemy. The roar of the
lion can be heard from a distance of about five miles. They are probably
the most famous members of the cat family. The male is known as the
"King of Beasts" because of his royal appearance and bearing. The male's
strength, beauty, and power also makes him a royal beast.
Lions have long been killed in rituals of bravery, as hunting
trophies and for their medicinal and magical powers. In ancient times,
many communities thought lions to be magical creatures and worshipped
them as "Gods".
Lions usually live in groups, called prides. There can be up to 40
members in a pride, with over half of them being cubs and young adults.
I'm a tree in
I am very pleased to appease the needs of humans as well as animals
who visit the Peradeniya Botanical Gardens. I think I am very fortunate
to be born in this garden, I do not want anyone to blame me. One thing I
know is that most people admire me. About hundred people come to see me
on a single day.
make use of my shade and then go away. However, before they leave my
shade, some have the habit of writing their names on me. "My dear
friends, when you carve your names on me, you harm me. I do not want to
know your names. But I certainly want to know the names of all the
people who do not hurt me. I invite them over and over again to my
shade. Because they are real nature lovers".
Early in the morning, birds come and sit on my hands. They sing
beautiful songs endlessly. Sometimes it bothers me.
But, how could I chase them away? Because their songs are the only
pleasure I get in my entire life. The gardeners look after me very well.
They are like my parents. However, they hang a plaque on my body
displaying my scientific and botanical name. They use a nail to fix the
plaque. Alas! what pain it brings me. I think that they do not know that
it hurts me and how I am being patient during this entire operation.
In general, I am satisfied with the life I spend. Because, compared
to my life, the trees grown in rural forests live very miserable lives.
They have to sacrifice their lives to make cupboards, chairs and tables.
As they cannot oppose the human authority, they fall victim to them,
I get my food, water and fertiliser on time. So, dear friends grow
more trees and give your full support to protect us. It is only then
that you will be able to have a prosperous future. We are your life
because we give you oxygen.
An autobiography of
I was born in a jungle. Of all the animals on land, I am the biggest
and strongest. I enjoy a great deal of freedom in the jungle where I
fear none and harm none. I consume a great amount of leaves and my
favourite food is the 'kitul' bark.
Untill I was seven years old I led a wild and free life with my
companions in the herd. Then the turning point in my life came. A tame
elephant entered the jungle and led me to a sugarcane plantation.
I was foolish enough to believe him and follow him. I did not know
that he was an elephant who was trained to lure wild elephants into a
trap. While following him, I suddenly fell into a large pit which had
been carefully covered with leaves so that innocent elephants like me
could be caught. I was left in that pit, all alone, for about nine days.
I had nothing to eat. I grew terribly weak. If I had remained there
in that condition for two or three days longer, I would have starved to
death. On the tenth day, with great difficulty I was taken out of the
pit and moved into a town.
I was gradually trained and tamed. I felt frightened and angry, after
a short period of time I understood that there was no use feeling so. I
was now with someone who was my master.
So, I trained myself to get used to him. Fortunately, my master
treats me with great kindness. He never neglects to meet my needs. I too
helped him in varied ways, such as by carrying timber and other heavy
loads. He sometimes lends me to other people. Once I was given to a king
to participate in a State procession. I was trained hard for two to
I never wanted to participate in it, but later on I found it
interesting and even felt proud on the day of that procession. I was
painted with gorgeous colours and covered with a very rich looking
I looked very attractive. More over, I got a chance to meet my
companions who were following me. I was so delighted. Everyone was
staring at me in great wonder. With the king on my back, I walked with
an air of majesty.
Even though I have to live a life in captivity, I am not at all
unhappy now. I have learnt many things by living with humans.
My master takes care to make me feel comfortable. However, not all my
friends are so lucky. I would like to give some advice to those who hunt
us and harm us. We, elephants mind our own business and live in peace.
If man too can mind his own business and let us live in our own habitat
what a nice place the jungle would be.
Then all wild animals could lead a carefree life and be happy. The
world belongs to us too.