Inflation decelerates in March
Inflation, as measured by the Colombo Consumers’ Price Index (CCPI)
(2006/07=100) computed by the Department of Census and Statistics
decreased significantly to 7.5 percent on a year-on-year (YoY) basis in
March from 9.8 percent in the previous month.
This was mainly due to the base effect. The inflation rate on an
annual average basis increased to 8.8 percent in March from 8.6 percent
in February. Similarly, core inflation on a YoY basis decreased to 6.8
percent in March from 7.4 per cent in the previous month while it
increased marginally on an annual average basis to 6.4 percent in March
from 6.3 percent in February.The CCPI increased marginally by 0.1
percent in March over the previous month, with the Index increasing in
absolute terms to 170.8 from 170.7 in February.
The contribution to the monthly increase in the Index came mainly
from price increases in the Non-Food category by 0.3 percent.
Within the Non-Food category, prices increased in the sub-categories
of Clothing and Footwear (by 0.6 percent); Furnishing,Household
Equipment and Routine Household Maintenance (by 0.3 percent); Transport
(by 0.7 percent); and Miscellaneous Goods and Services (by 1.1 percent).
The increase in the Transport sub- category was entirely due to the
upward price revision of petrol and diesel from February 23, 2012.
The impact of the Non-Food category was somewhat offset by the
decline in the prices of Food and non alcoholic beverages sub-category
by 0.2 percent. The prices of rice, most varieties of vegetables, fresh
fish, canned fish, eggs, big onions, red onions, and potatoes decreased
during the month. However, an increase in the prices of some varieties
of dried fish, coconut, coconut oil, dhal and sugar was
reported.Meanwhile, the prices in the sub-categories of Housing, Water,
Electricity, Gas and Other Fuels; Health; Communication; Recreation and
Culture; and Education were unchanged during the month.