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DateLine Sunday, 18 May 2008





Marriage Proposals
Government Gazette

Significance of Lumbini

Lumbini is near Siddhartha Nagar (Bhairawa) in the area now known as Rummindei in Nepal just 10 Km from the Indo-Nepalese border touching the district Basti in Uttara Pradesh.

This Buddhist site is the birth place of Prince Siddhartha in the B.C 6th century. It has been identified with the pillar inscription which was erected by the emperor Asoka who visited the site of Rummindei. He visited there in 250 B.C and worshipped in person the sacred spot where the Prince Siddhrtha was born. The choronicles state.

Arriving at Lumbini Upagupta the spiritual guide of emperor Asoka extended his right hand and said to Asoka “here o great King. The Thathagatha was born”. Emperor Asoka with overwhelming joy and deep devotion prostrated before the sacred tree under which the prince Siddartha was born. He also erected a pillar to commemorate his visit to Rummindei.

The birth place of Prince Siddhartha

About (1000) thousand years after the birth of Buddha, Fa-hian the first Chinese Buddhist pilgrim visited Lumbini in A.D 406 and saw the first sacred tree under which Prince Siddhartha was born.

Fa-Hian also saw the bathing tank of the Sakyas where mother of Siddhartha, Mahamaya had taken a bath. The other Chinese Buddhist pilgrim Hiuen Tsang who visited Lumbini in A.D 637 gives a very faire account of what he saw at the sacred site.

The emperor Asoka was the third king of the kingdom of Mauryas in Maghada and his Inscriptions can be broadly divided into two categories - those engraved on rocks and those incised on Pillars of stone.

The rock Inscription fall into there group - minor Rock Edicts, Rock Edict and cave Inscriptions. The Pillar Inscriptions may be classified under three sub division - Minor Pillar Edicts, Pillar inscriptions and Pillar Edicts.

There are two Pillar Inscriptions of Asoka discovered in the Nepalese Tarai to the north of the Basti District of Uttar Pradesh. The first of these stands here the temple of Rummindei in the vicinity of the village of Parariya which is about 3 Km from the head quarters of the Bhagavan Pur Tashil in Nepal and about 8 km from Dulla in the Basti District.

The other inscribed Pillar stands on the bank of a large tank called Nigali Sagar near the village of Nigaliva about 21 Km to the North-West of Rummindei. The first was a sacred place owing to the fact that the Prince Siddhartha was born there.

The meaning of Rummindei Inscription is as follows.

“Twenty Years after his coronation, King Priyadarsi, Beloved of the gods visited this spot in person and offered worship at this place, because the Buddha, The sage of the Sakya was born here.

He caused to build a stone wall around this place and also erected this stone Pillar to commemorate his visit. Because the Buddha was born here, He made the village of Lumbini free from land revenue and subject to pay only one - eight of the produce as tax instead of the usual rate.”

This is evidence to show that Lumbini continued to attracted pilgrim up to A.D 12 century. There after it was completely engulfed by jungle and lay buried until the 19th century. This sacred Buddhist site was discovered by Dr.

Alois Anton F here, a German Archeologist in 1895.

The writer is former archaeological assistant director of the Department of Archeology.


Gamin Gamata - Presidential Community & Welfare Service
Ceylinco Banyan Villas

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