Dogs that provide security services
you bring a puppy home, what do you want it to be? It could play the
role of a friend who will chase
away your loneliness, or it could be your watchdog or guard
dog. However, when buying a dog, you will have to be specific about why
you need one, because the breeds might differ according to their uses.
Today, we look at the best breeds to be used as a watchdog or a guard
A guard dog, watchdog or sentry dog is a dog employed to guard
against, or watch for, unwanted or unexpected animals or people. Both
guard dogs and watchdogs bark to alert their owners of the presence of a
trespasser. The barking is also an attempt at scaring away the stranger.
The watchdog's function ends here, while a guard dog might be trained
to restrain or attack the stranger. For example, livestock guardian dogs
are often large enough and strong enough to attack and drive away
predators. Occasionally, guard dogs are trained to attack human
strangers, though this practice might be illegal. Some breeds are
excellent watchdogs, but not good as guard dogs, as they bark loudly to
alert their masters of strangers, but are not given to attacking
Many of the now well-known guardian breeds such as Rottweilers
started as multi-purpose dogs, but developed over many years into
guardian breeds. Some breeds, such as the Rhodesian ridgeback, were
originally bred for hunting, but their large frightening look and
territorial instincts have helped them evolve into guard dogs in today's
Others like Dobermanns were specifically designed as guards. Many of
these breeds have a greater amount of molossoid or mastiff DNA. This is
confirmed by a DNA study done on 414 pure breed dogs. The study suggests
that in the distant past, after the 14 ancient breeds broke off, a group
of mastiff style dogs were developed.
The German Shepherd also has characteristics of the mastiffs group,
which includes the Great Dane.
Molasses is a name for a group comprising several breeds of large,
solidly built dogs, probably all descended from the same rootstock. The
name derives from Molossia, modern day Albania. Molasses are sometimes
The St. Bernard is also somewhat different from the mastiffs and is
not in the molossoid group. Great
Danes are odd because they are not in the molossoid group and
traditionally behaved as though they should be.
The monks of Saint Bernard Pass used the original Saint Bernard for
alpine rescue. A storm killed off many of the dogs used for breeding.
The Saint Bernard had to be bred with larger dogs like mastiffs that
gave it the large size and the guard dog instinct we associate with the
Saint Bernard today.
Perhaps, the best way to find a guard dog is to look at the history
of the breed. Dogs like mastiffs have been used in the guard role for