View of a houses at the Cal-Earth (The
California Institute of Earth Art and Architecture), in Hesperia,
California, Iranian-born Architect Nader Khalili's method, developed
from his early studies of traditional architecture in his home country,
involves filling sandbags with a mixture of cement and adobe (mud), and
connecting them with barbed wire for reinforcement.
Khalili once operated architectural offices in Tehran and Los Angeles
sold out prior to the Iranian revolution to concentrate making earthen
From his Cal-Earth Institute in the Mojave Desert, he promotes a
technique which he believes could also be used by NASA for constructing
bases on Mars or the Moon.