Ramadhaan Nightly Prayer (Taraweeh)
Continued from last week...
Allah(SWT) has mandated to his servants acts of Ibadah and made them
of various kinds so as to provide them with means to pick and choose and
not to be bored with. Taraweeh prayers in Ramadhaan is an
Allah has indicated in His book the basis for nightly prayers and the
good return awaiting those who observe it." Those who spend the night in
adoration of their Lord, prostrate and standing"; 25:64
"Their limbs do forsake their beds of sleep, while they call on their
Lord in fear and hope and they spend(in charity) out of the sustenance
which we have bestowed on them; 32:16
Messenger(sal) of Allah says in a Hadith narrated by Muslim that "The
best prayer after the obligatory ones is the night prayer"
He also says "O, people! disseminate the salutation of peace
As-Salaam 'Alaikum; feed the needy food, and join the blood ties among
the next of kin; and observe night prayer while people are at sleep, you
will enter Paradise peacefully"(Tirmidhi)
The Ramadhan nightly prayer has a special merit over other nights.
The messenger(sal) of Allah said in a Hadith that "Whoever observes
night prayer in Ramadhan as an expression of his faith and to seek
reward from Allah, his previous sins will be blotted off.(Muslim)
Taraweeh is derived from the Arabic root word Raaha,means to relax
and use as recreation. It's also called because the believer used to
prolong it. After every four Raka'ats they should stop for rest and
relaxation and resume until Taraweeh was complete.
Taraweeh in Jama'ah
The Sunnah of congregational, Jama'ah prayer of Taraweeh in the
Masjid(mosque) was first established by our beloved prophet(sal).
Aisha(ral) the wife of the last messenger(sal) said as Bukhari and
Muslim reported that "The messenger of Allah(sal) observed Taraweeh
prayer in the Masjid one night and people prayed with him".
Number of Raka'ats in Taraweeh
The ideal number of Raka'ats is eleven Raka'ah as one of our worthy
ancestors, Salaf as-Saalih agreed. Some body asked Aisha(ral) how was
the prayer of the prophet(sal).She replied "He didn't pray in Ramadhaan
or some other times more than eleven raka'ats".(Bukhari,Muslim)
However, there's nothing wrong with praying more than eleven
Raka'ats.Perhaps that's why different numbers are observed.
The prophet(sal) himself was asked about night prayer and then said
"It may be done in two Raka'ats, and if anyone fears the appearance of
morning, he should pray one raka'ah as a Witr for what he has already
prayed", (Bukhari/ Muslim)
According to this Hadith, if a person is to pray individually at
night, by day break he would have prayed one hundred and one Raka'ats,
In the intention of praying more Raka'ats one should not make
Taraweeh in exrteam speed.
That's wrong because it may breach some rules with regards to Salaah.
In that case the prayer will be invalid. Similarly it's not recommended
for an Imam to conduct Salaah in such a speed where the followers may
find it difficult to observe the essential parts of the Salaah.
Al- Witr is the last prayer of the night and normally performed in
odd numbers. Witr begins after the night prayer and lasts till
dawn.However if one misses that it should be made up.Witr is Sunnah
The messenger(sal)reported to have said "People of Al-Quran observe
Witr,because Allah is Witr(Allah is one and it's an odd number)and He
loves Witr". Uually Witr is prayed in three Rakaats.
No one should neglect Taraweeh out of lazyness without an
irresistible reason, for it's part of physical and spiritual training,
for its observation after Iftaar ensures timely and proper digestion of
Everybody should attend the Masjid prayers, including women, provided
they are properly covered. The messenger of Allah(sal) said "Prevent not
the women servants of Allah from going to the Masjid of Allah" How ever
when they attend Masjid they shouldn't wear perfume. And also shouldn't
raise their tone or show their beauty.
It's Sunnah that they pray behind the men in rear lines. The
messenger(sal) has been reported as saying "The best lines for men are
the front lines and the best lines for women are the rear lines and the
worst lines for men are the rear lines and the worst lines for women are
the front lines".(Muslim)
Women should leave the Masjid as soon as the Imam gives Salaams. They
shouldn't delay without a valid reason. It's mentioned in a Hadith said
by Umm Salama." When the messenger of Allah(sal) saluted to end prayer,
women would stand up to leave the Masjid"(Bukhari).
Benefits of Taraweeh
The gentle exercises performed in Taraweeh prayers help to improve
one's physical fitness and emotional well being. The number of Raka'at
is greater than that of the ordinary Salah we perform therefore there
will be a betterment in the endurance, stamina, in flexibility and
It has been observed that those who fast and perform the Taraweeh
prayers report feeling much convalescing and robust.
The Taraweeh prayer is considered to be gentle exercise. This gentle
exercise also enhances endurance and reduces weariness. It helps greatly
in loosing weight through burning off calories. Improves respiratory
efficiency thus enhances gas exchange and deeper breathing and maximal
consumption of Oxygen.
It also helps to maintain muscle tone and body composition and
improves joint flexibility. During the prayer the blood circulation for
the muscles is high. It decreases heart disease risk profile. After age
40,the bone mineral level starts to decrease. Taraweeh prayer increases
the density of bone mineral level and prevents osteoporosis.
Taraweeh prayer, the gentle exercise improves mood, thought and
behaviour. It reduces the depression, stress and tension and improves
self esteem, self confidence and self reliance and thus ensures a sound
mental health. The Taraweeh prayer puts the mind in a relaxed state thus
the believer can be spiritually get closer to Allah.
Growth hormone is secreted more during the time of Taraweeh prayer so
that it helps to collagen formation which prevents skin wrinkles.
Taraweeh prayer also improves the appearance of a believer.
The constant repetition of the Ayaat(verses) of the glorious Quran
helps preventing incoming vain thoughts and improves memory.
The Taraweeh prayer puts one's mind in a relaxed state. So that one
can improve one's ability to concentrate.
Thus, If a student constantly perform Taraweeh during the month of
Ramadhaan the benefits are immense. The believer should perform Salaat
regardless they're Sunnah, Farl or Waajib. The Salaah is necessary to
preserve life and their desirable qualities in to old age.
May Allah accept all your Duas and fasts. Hope you would make Duas in
this blessed month for all the brethren in Islam in order to endure all
the hardships they undergo and to receive Allah's blessings...INSHA
To be continued next week...